Traditional Chinese Medicine Treatment for Psoriasis
We will first have a consultation in which we will discuss your complete medical history and the development of the psoriasis. This, along with looking at your skin, will provide the information needed to identify the nature of the psoriasis. The therapy, herbal formulas and acupuncture, are customized to address the specific type of psoriasis you are experiencing.
For example, if you have hot type psoriasis, your herbal formula would consist of cold herbs that reduce the heat. If your psoriasis is from dryness, then herbs that moisten the skin will be used.
Psoriasis in Chinese Medicine
In Chinese medicine, not all psoriasis is the same. (2) The goal of treatment is to determine the specific imbalance underlying your condition. This is based upon the appearance of the psoriasis and presence of any other symptoms, such as itch, pain, or irritation. Whole body symptoms such as digestion, chronic sore throats, allergies, and colds are also considered.
The most common imbalances causing psoriasis are blood heat, dryness, and blood stagnation.(3) Damp heat and qi stagnation can also be a factor, particularly in pustular psoriasis.(4)
Chinese Medicine Psoriasis Types
Blood Heat: Skin diseases caused by heat are reflected in redness on the skin. The size, shape, and shade of the red patches will indicate the level of heat. Blood heat is characterized by acute onset of psoriasis with possible severe itching. In blood level heat, dark red plaques will cover a great amount of skin. The size and extent of the lesions suggest the amount of heat. The greater the number, and the larger the lesions, the greater the degree of heat.
Blood Dryness: Blood dryness occurs with chronic cases of psoriasis. Itching may or may not be present. The lesions can appear pale or dull red in color. The scales may appear to be dryer with blood dryness.
Blood Stagnation: Blood stagnation also occurs when there is long-term chronic psoriasis. It is often characterized by cycles of remission and relapses. The plaques are irregular, hard, thick and may be purplish in color.
Acupuncture for PsoriasisAcupuncture is helpful in treating psoriasis as it can reduce inflammation, itch, and pain as well as improve overall health. (5) In addition, it can be very effective for relieving pain from psoriatic arthritis
Chinese Herbal Medicine
TCM herbal medicine is a standard therapy for psoriasis throughout China. Herbs are given in formulas that contain a combination of many herbs, each one having a healing function geared toward resolving the underlying disharmony. Herbs are often given in teas or pills as well as external soaks and creams, which are very important for psoriasis treatment.
There are hundreds of herbs used in Chinese medicine for treating psoriasis. Here is a profile of just a few common herbs used for different types of psoriasis. Many of the herbs for clearing heat have been shown to reduce inflammation. (7)
For treating heat, the herbal formula will focus on herbs that are cooling. Sheng di huang (Rehmania glutinosa) and Zi cao (lithospermum erythrohizon) are both cooling herbs that are central in the treatment of heat. These herbs have been shown to reduce the inflammatory cytokine TNF-α,which is active in psoriasis.(3,8)
For addressing blood stagnation, the herbal formula will include herbs that nourish and stimulate the movement of blood. Dan shen (Salvia miltiorriza) is also known for moving and nourishing the blood. Dan shen has been shown to inhibit the secretion of inflammatory cytokines IFN-γ and IL-12 active in psoriasis.
Licorice root, or gan cao (Glycyrrhiza uralensis), is widely used in Chinese medicine for all types of psoriasis, as it boosts qi and harmonizes the effects of other herbs. It has long been known to not only reduce inflammation, but also enhance the immune system. Studies show that it can also help to repair damaged liver cells.
Dietary Guidelines for Psoriasis
Diet can influence the development of psoriasis. Chinese medicine recommends staying away from rich, fatty foods especially sea food, because it causes the accumulation of heat in the body. Spicy foods as well exacerbate heat conditions. Instead, eat fish rich in omega 3 fatty acids such as salmon and sardines. Focusing on a diet rich in omega 3 has been suggested to help psoriasis.(9)